Navanethem “Navi” Pillay has been the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights since 2008. In 1995, she was the first non-white woman judge of the High Court of South Africa. She served as President of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and as a judge of the International Criminal Court. During her 28 years as a lawyer in South Africa, she defended anti-Apartheid activists and helped expose the use of torture and poor conditions of political detainees. She co-founded the Advice Desk for the Abused and ran a shelter for victims of domestic violence. As a member of the Women’s National Coalition, she contributed to the inclusion in South Africa’s Constitution of an equality clause.